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20
JUN
2020

What is Biometric Access Control?

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The main objective of the Biometric access control systems is to restrict physical access to a given area based on input access control settings. The settings can vary depending on the organization and its needs, the company may decide who is able to pass through security staff, specific employees, preselected guests, or nearly everyone. 

Biometric access control systems are highly flexible and customizable based on the clients’ needs. Nowadays, many private organizations started incorporating biometric access control systems into their facilities, corporate buildings and offices. Moreover, many governmental institutions are also following an example of the private sector and have started the process of innovation through the implementation of a biometric access control system in their security systems. 

Biometric access control systems vary in their functionalities, from basic password entry systems to complex ones that utilize face recognition. But all of them have one thing in common, they contribute to better security across physical spaces and higher control over the access control process. Such systems can be used to protect sensitive information and areas of the enterprise. They can be implemented within financial institutions, law enforcement agencies, corporate facilities and other locations. 

How does it work?

The principle is pretty simple, the system works by collecting, storing and comparing data. The biometric access control system can be described as a lock. In order to gain access to the system, an individual needs to present the system with his personal data that the system requires by design. The data requirements may vary depending on the settings that the organization has implemented. Some systems might require just a simple password entry, while others might need a facial scan or other custom data input (e.g fingerprint). This data is then used to authenticate an individual based on his input characteristics. If their entry data matches the data stored in the system (e.g. database of employees), the individual gains access. The system will also note down the user who entered in its entry log. If the input does not match the database the system will deny access. This is even more powerful when integrated with smart door locks, elevators, turnstiles, etc.

The biometric system is usually made out of two parts: the data storage and the identification protocol. The combination of these two systems creates an access control mechanism.

What are the advantages?

Implementing Biometric Access Control system as a security measure will provide your organization with various support points and advantages such as:

Better control over your access control

Most biometric access control systems are accompanied by software that can be used to monitor and control any area remotely.

Less Manpower, more technology

Since most biometric access control systems are highly automated, there is no need for outdated manual identity check-ins, which means less manpower in order to carry out effective security and access control for an object. Through the implementation of biometric access control, you will be able to cut down your costs while enhancing security. 

Allow or deny access to individuals based on your preferences

Create a list of individuals that you want to prevent from entering the given premises. Avoid identity theft and spoof attacks with the use of liveness detection and prevent possible fraud attacks by unwanted individuals.

Smart Time management

Biometric access control systems are able to keep a close log of who entered the facility, when, at what location and when did they leave. Create a tighter control and watch over individuals that are present within the premises of your organization. Create smart time-management lists for your employees. Replace old clock-in systems to track your staff attendance with a smart and seamless check-in system.

Higher security

Contribute towards enhanced safety within the facility by keeping the unwanted individuals out of the premises as well as watch over your employees health. 

Where can it be used?

  • Airports and boarding processes
  • Government Institutions
  • Office headquarters
  • Events
  • Industrial Properties
  • Access to apps and devices
  • Smart home access control
  • Hospitality infrastructure 
  • Public transport

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About the Author
Sightcorp is an AI spin-off from the University of Amsterdam specializing in face analysis & face recognition software. Through computer vision and deep learning, Sightcorp can analyze and recognize faces in images, videos, and in real-time.